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Boosting Technological Research in Aquaculture

Cập nhật: 25/04/2011 10:31
Technological application in aquaculture has been delayed and not received sufficient attention

(VNE) - Despite technology playing an essential role in the development of aquaculture and creation of high quality aquatic breeds, the application of biotechnology has been delayed and not received proper attention.

Since 2008, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development have approved 34 biotechnology research projects valued at VND45 billion serving the development of aquaculture. The most typical are research projects on producing disease-free white-claw shrimps, producing and exporting ornamental fish, using five biological products to treat water pollution in raising tiger shrimps and Tra fish ponds in the Mekong (Cuu Long) delta, and on using Vietnamese seaweed in aquaculture.
After three years of study, the Research Institute for Aquaculture 2 has been successful in producing high quality Tra fish breeds. It is estimated that by the end of 2011, 1,000 Tra fish which have high productivity and contain no diseases will be transferred to multiplication farms in the Mekong Delta.
However, technological application in aquaculture has been delayed and not received proper attention. There is a lack in local and business involvement in research projects. Transferring advanced technology from foreign countries has not engaged sufficient attention. Many research projects have not been applied to real situations.
Dr. Nguyen Van Hao, the director of the Research Institute for Aquaculture 2, said that the biggest difficulty is insufficient and unskilled scientists in the field of aquaculture compared to other countries in the region such as Thailand. Domestic scientists can not carry out research projects with high efficiency. Therefore, it is very important to approach advanced technology in the field of aquaculture within and outside the country and improve human resources at different levels to adopt technology to production, helping farmers to raise their income.
In addition, expanded cooperation plays an essential role in fostering technological research and application. However, high-tech products which have high commercial value should be given priority. There is a need to encourage scientists to bring into play their creativity and take advantage of farmer experiences. This creates a foundation to study, receive and apply advanced technology effectively and produce high economic value.
In addition, it is necessary to diversify capital resources poured into technological research through encouraging the participation of organizations and individuals in all economic sectors to the development of aquaculture; give priority to transferring advanced technology and applying new products from foreign countries and have preferential policies to promote the development of aquaculture. In terms of aquatic breed development, there is a need to focus on the breeds which have short growing period and can resist insects and diseases and have high productivity and adaptability to climate change, enhance research projects to develop herbal cures for shrimp and fish diseases and other aquatic products.
The Science, Technology and Environment Department under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development stated that 48 proposals related to biotechnological research projects for 2011-2015 have been outlined and 12 of which have been chosen to be carried out in 2011. Those research projects focus on producing high quality aquatic breeds and new products, protecting and exploiting genetic resources of aquatic products and seaweeds effectively, guaranteeing meeting the need of aquatic breeds of the key aquatic products and improving the quality of scientists in the field of aquaculture./.
By Quynh Nga
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